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TOP 10 LOGISTICS TRENDS 2020

2019 marks an important transformation in the transport and logistics industry with a series of new technology solutions being born and applied practically, driven by market trends and needs. PwC commented that never in modern history has political, economic, social, technological, environmental and legal changes have had such a large impact on this segment of the economy as they do today.

As the complexity of modern transportation and logistics increases, it is important to understand where the short- and long-term focus is and what to invest in. Moreover, the 4.0 revolution and the popularity of the IoT system also require Logistics enterprises to capture and make optimal use of the huge data source coming from all links in the Supply Chain.

Top 10 Logistics trends in 2019 are forecasted to spread more and more in 2020:

1. Số hóa chuỗi cung ứng (Digitalization)

Digitization is the process of applying new technological solutions along with other resources to redesign supply chain processes. Digitization can help improve the speed, proactiveness, and resilience of supply chain operations, leading to greater customer responsiveness and ultimately higher revenue. To be able to fully exploit the benefits of digitization, Companies must redesign their supply chain strategy rather than simply applying several technologies to processes to improve the performance of an individual function.

In the field of digitization, the Internet of Things (IoT) holds a prominent position as a highly applicable technology solution in the field of Logistics. IoT is a system of interconnected computing devices that allow data to be transmitted over a network without the need for manual input. IoT helps companies to monitor inventory, manage warehouses, optimize train routes.

2. Self-driving Vehicles

With technological advancements in AI as well as growing investments in the development of sensors and vision technology, self-driving vehicles will soon transform the way vehicles are assembled, operated, and used. and maintenance. From trucks to last-mile delivery robots, self-driving cars will change the way Logistics works by opening up new levels of safety efficiency and higher quality.

In Logistics, Autonomous Vehicles have been gradually adopted in warehouse and yard environments over the past few years. The next evolutionary step will be the deployment of self-driving vehicles in common and public spaces such as highways and city roads to further optimize logistics operations and increase safety. However, for widespread deployment of autonomous vehicles, delivery robots, and other self-driving vehicles, it is essential to overcome the challenges of government regulation, social acceptance and safety concerns.


3. 3D printing technology (3D Printing)

The 3D printing process, also known as additive manufacturing (AM), is a process in which a printer reads a technical design and prints with the supplied material and creates a final 3D product using superimposed printing. 2D layers on top of each other during printing. Printers capable of creating extremely detailed and complex levels of design that may be difficult or impractical to create with other methods .

Increasingly encouraged, especially in the context of increasing customer demand for highly customized products, low waste generation, zoning centralized production and distribution, technology 3D printing will contribute to the impact on the logistics industry by diversifying production strategies. Some companies may discontinue traditional manufacturing & innovation processes and will instead combine 3D printing with mass production techniques. Logistics service providers can manage more complex production networks and leverage networks of 3D printers to provide new logistics services.

4. Data analysis and Logistics Big Data

Thanks to the increasing scale of digitization, we are able to obtain huge amounts of data from various sources along the Supply Chain. Therefore, companies now often use Big Data – a large and complex set of data – as a data source to perform analysis, thereby predicting peak periods and supply shortages in future and other forecasts. These forecasts help increase accuracy when making strategic decisions to improve market position and provide significant competitive advantage over other competitors.

The application of Big Data and Data Analytics in the transportation industry is also helping some businesses make more informed purchasing decisions. Furthermore, according to The Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals, more than 90% of shippers and logistics companies consider data-driven decision making to be extremely important. For that reason, data analytics based on Big Data will improve business quality and performance through demand forecasting, inventory management, route optimization, and efficient labor management. …

5. Trí tuệ nhân tạo (AI)

Advanced AI solutions are being applied in many functions in the supply chain, especially warehouse operations. Artificial intelligence (AI) has transformed the way logistics service providers operate as a result of automation trends and constant improvements in computing technology. AI will enhance human expertise through systems that help generate new insights from Big Data and eliminate difficult tasks. In Logistics, AI will enable automation of support operations, forecasting, asset management in Logistics and the creation of new customer experience models.
Advanced AI solutions are being applied in many functions in the supply chain, especially warehouse operations. Artificial intelligence (AI) has transformed the way logistics service providers operate as a result of automation trends and constant improvements in computing technology. AI will enhance human expertise through systems that help generate new insights from Big Data and eliminate difficult tasks. In Logistics, AI will enable automation of support operations, forecasting, asset management in Logistics, and the creation of new customer experience models.

The concept of AI robots and automation is also widely deployed in the supply chain. Current generations of robots are easy to program, flexible and cost-effective. Robot’s role is to assist workers with repetitive tasks and physically challenging jobs.

6. Safety Logistics

With the increasingly strong Internet connection means that concerns about network security will also increase in logistics companies. Furthermore, the protection of customers’ personal data is a key concern that makes safety in transportation solutions one of the top priorities.

The continued attacks on the websites of major e-commerce companies such as Amazon, Walmart and others have shown that cybersecurity threats are very likely to businesses. Those reasons have encouraged logistics service providers to focus more on providing safe transportation and transportation solutions. In addition, logistics companies must also pay attention to the loss and damage of goods in addition to data theft.

7. Applying cloud technology platform in Logistics (Cloud Logistics)
Complex, volatile working environments are ideal for cloud-based applications. Not only allows a series of new business models based on the principle of seeing Logistics as a service (Logistics as a Service – LaaS). The platform also makes it possible for logistics service providers to activate or deactivate customized services according to their needs (using a pay-per-use method). This allows service providers to scale their models without the traditional costs of developing, setting up, and maintaining their own IT infrastructure.
8. Blockchain Technology

Blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies can remove significant layers of complexity from global Supply Chains. Blockchain can facilitate greater transparency among Supply Chain stakeholders, assisting in automating administrative and commercial processes. The concept of smart contracts will also create development opportunities for new services and business models in the field of Logistics. 9. Sustainability

9. Sustainability

Stricter regulations and greater resource constraints make it imperative for logistics companies to find new ways to reduce energy consumption. In addition, the increased awareness of sustainability issues among consumers means that “green” transportation will have more and more value.

The rail transport segment is considered to be the most environmentally friendly mode because it is transported by metro.  
Air, sea and land transport will face an increasing burden of compliance with environmental regulations as well as fleet upgrades or replacements to meet the new standards of emissions. Logistics service companies may also be under pressure from customers to pursue a “green” route.

10. Đóng gói hàng thông minh (Smart Containerization)

The adoption of standard containers has transformed the entire global freight industry, bringing huge improvements in performance and facilitation of trade. However, the need to diversify container volumes and increasing time and cost pressures necessitate new container formats and packing processes, especially in the context of logistics networks being expanded. common use and with the growth of urban delivery. New forms of packaging are also needed to handle e-commerce retail shipping volumes.

Source: vilas.edu.vn